Unveiling CXCR2 as a promising therapeutic target in renal cell carcinoma: exploring the immunotherapeutic paradigm shift through its inhibition by RCT001 - Collection du Centre Méditerranéen de Médecine Moléculaire Access content directly
Journal Articles Journal of experimental & clinical cancer research Year : 2024

Unveiling CXCR2 as a promising therapeutic target in renal cell carcinoma: exploring the immunotherapeutic paradigm shift through its inhibition by RCT001

Christopher Montemagno
Héliciane Palenzuela
Jérôme Durivault
Rachid Benhida

Abstract

Background In clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC), first-line treatment combines nivolumab (anti-PD-1) and ipilimumab (anti-CTLA4), yielding long-term remissions but with only a 40% success rate. Our study explored the potential of enhancing ccRCC treatment by concurrently using CXCR2 inhibitors alongside immunotherapies. Methods We analyzed ELR + CXCL levels and their correlation with patient survival during immunotherapy. RCT001, a unique CXCR2 inhibitor, was examined for its mechanism of action, particularly its effects on human primary macrophages. We tested the synergistic impact of RCT001 in combination with immunotherapies in both mouse models of ccRCC and human ccRCC in the presence of human PBMC. Results Elevated ELR + CXCL cytokine levels were found to correlate with reduced overall survival during immunotherapy. RCT001, our optimized compound, acted as an inverse agonist, effectively inhibiting angiogenesis and reducing viability of primary ccRCC cells. It redirected M2-like macrophages without affecting M1-like macrophage polarization directed against the tumor. In mouse models, RCT001 enhanced the efficacy of anti-CTLA4 + anti-PD1 by inhibiting tumor-associated M2 macrophages and tumor-associated neutrophils. It also impacted the activation of CD4 T lymphocytes, reducing immune-tolerant lymphocytes while increasing activated natural killer and dendritic cells. Similar effectiveness was observed in human RCC tumors when RCT001 was combined with anti-PD-1 treatment. Conclusions RCT001, by inhibiting CXCR2 through its unique mechanism, effectively suppresses ccRCC cell proliferation, angiogenesis, and M2 macrophage polarization. This optimization potentiates the efficacy of immunotherapy and holds promise for significantly improving the survival prospects of metastatic ccRCC patients.
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Dates and versions

hal-04571570 , version 1 (08-05-2024)

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Christopher Montemagno, Arnaud Jacquel, Charlotte Pandiani, Olivia Rastoin, Rosie Dawaliby, et al.. Unveiling CXCR2 as a promising therapeutic target in renal cell carcinoma: exploring the immunotherapeutic paradigm shift through its inhibition by RCT001. Journal of experimental & clinical cancer research, 2024, 43 (1), pp.86. ⟨10.1186/s13046-024-02984-2⟩. ⟨hal-04571570⟩
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