The Odyssey of the Ancestral Escherich Strain through Culture Collections: an Example of Allopatric Diversification - Université Paris-Est-Créteil-Val-de-Marne Access content directly
Journal Articles MSphere Year : 2018

The Odyssey of the Ancestral Escherich Strain through Culture Collections: an Example of Allopatric Diversification

M. Desroches
  • Function : Author
D. Roche
M. Mercier-Darty
  • Function : Author
C. Rodriguez
  • Function : Author
O. Clermont
  • Function : Author
E. Denamur
  • Function : Author

Abstract

Mutator phenotypes have been described in laboratory-evolved bacteria, as well as in natural isolates. Several genes can be impacted, each of them being associated with a typical mutational spectrum. By studying one of the oldest strains available, the ancestral Escherich strain, we were able to identify its mutator status leading to tremendous genetic diversity among the isolates from various collections and allowing us to reconstruct the phylogeographic history of the strain. This mutator phenotype was probably acquired during the storage of the strain, promoting adaptation to a specific environment. Other mutations in rpoS and efflux pump- and porin-encoding genes highlight the acclimatization of the strain through self-preservation and nutritional competence regulation. This strain history can be viewed as unintentional experimental evolution in culture collections all over the word since 1885, mimicking the long-term experimental evolution of E. coli of Lenski et al. (O. Tenaillon, J. E. Barrick, N. Ribeck, D. E. Deatherage, J. L. Blanchard, A. Dasgupta, G. C. Wu, S. Wielgoss, S. Cruveiller, C. Médigue, D. Schneider, and R. E. Lenski, Nature 536:165–170, 2016, https://doi.org/10.1038/nature18959) that shares numerous molecular features.

Dates and versions

hal-04283164 , version 1 (13-11-2023)

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M. Desroches, G. Royer, D. Roche, M. Mercier-Darty, D. Vallenet, et al.. The Odyssey of the Ancestral Escherich Strain through Culture Collections: an Example of Allopatric Diversification. MSphere, 2018, 3 (1), ⟨10.1128/mSphere.00553-17⟩. ⟨hal-04283164⟩
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