The Tigecycline Evaluation and Surveillance Trial; assessment of the activity of tigecycline and other selected antibiotics against Gram-positive and Gram-negative pathogens from France collected between 2004 and 2016 - Université Paris-Est-Créteil-Val-de-Marne Access content directly
Journal Articles Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control Year : 2018

The Tigecycline Evaluation and Surveillance Trial; assessment of the activity of tigecycline and other selected antibiotics against Gram-positive and Gram-negative pathogens from France collected between 2004 and 2016

Jean-Winoc Decousser
  • Function : Author
Claude-James Soussy
  • Function : Author
Marguerite Fines-Guyon
  • Function : Author
Michael Dowzicky
  • Function : Author

Abstract

Abstract Background A high level of antibiotic consumption in France means antimicrobial resistance requires rigorous monitoring. The Tigecycline Evaluation and Surveillance Trial (T.E.S.T.) is a global surveillance study that monitors the in vitro activities of tigecycline and a panel of marketed antimicrobials against clinically important Gram-positive and Gram-negative isolates. Methods Annually clinically relevant strains were prospectively included in the survey through a national network of hospital-based laboratories. MICs were determined locally by broth microdilution using CLSI guidelines. Antimicrobial susceptibility was assessed using European Committee on Antimicrobial Susceptibility Testing breakpoints. Results Thirty-three centres in France collected 26,486 isolates between 2004 and 2016. Enterococcus species were highly susceptible (≥94.4%) to linezolid, tigecycline and vancomycin. Staphylococcus aureus , including methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA), were susceptible (≥99.9%) to tigecycline, vancomycin and linezolid. Between 2004 and 2016, 27.7% of S. aureus isolates were MRSA, decreasing from 28.0% in 2013 to 23.5% in 2016. Susceptibility of Streptococcus pneumoniae isolates was 100% to vancomycin, and > 99.0% to levofloxacin, linezolid and meropenem; 3.0% were penicillin-resistant S. pneumoniae (100% susceptibility to vancomycin and linezolid). Escherichia coli isolates were highly susceptible (> 98.0%) to meropenem, tigecycline and amikacin. The rate of extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL) positive E. coli increased from 2004 (3.0%), but was stable from 2012 (23.1%) to 2016 (19.8%). Susceptibility of Klebsiella pneumoniae isolates was 99.4% to meropenem and 96.5% to amikacin. The proportion of ESBL-positive K. pneumoniae isolates increased from 2004 (7.5%) to 2012 (33.3%) and was highest in 2016 (43.6%). A. baumannii was susceptible to meropenem (81.0%) and amikacin (74.9%); none of the 6.2% of isolates identified as multidrug-resistant (MDR) was susceptible to any agents with breakpoints. P. aeruginosa isolates were most susceptible to amikacin (88.5%), and MDR rates were 13.6% in 2013 to 4.0% in 2016; susceptibility of MDR isolates was no higher than 31.4% to amikacin. Conclusions Rates of MRSA decreased slowly, while rates of ESBL-positive E. coli and K. pneumoniae increased from 2004 to 2016. Susceptibility of Gram-positive isolates to vancomycin, tigecycline, meropenem and linezolid was well conserved, as was susceptibility of Gram-negative isolates to tigecycline and meropenem. The spread of MDR non-fermentative isolates must be carefully monitored.

Dates and versions

hal-04298624 , version 1 (21-11-2023)

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Jean-Winoc Decousser, Paul-Louis Woerther, Claude-James Soussy, Marguerite Fines-Guyon, Michael Dowzicky. The Tigecycline Evaluation and Surveillance Trial; assessment of the activity of tigecycline and other selected antibiotics against Gram-positive and Gram-negative pathogens from France collected between 2004 and 2016. Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control, 2018, 7 (1), pp.68. ⟨10.1186/s13756-018-0360-y⟩. ⟨hal-04298624⟩
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