Administering atropine and ketamine before less invasive surfactant administration resulted in low pain scores in a prospective study of premature neonates - Université Paris-Est-Créteil-Val-de-Marne Access content directly
Journal Articles Acta Paediatrica Year : 2018

Administering atropine and ketamine before less invasive surfactant administration resulted in low pain scores in a prospective study of premature neonates

L Bourgoin
  • Function : Author
F Decobert
  • Function : Author
C Danan
  • Function : Author
X Durrmeyer

Abstract

Abstract Aim Less invasive surfactant administration ( LISA ) can avoid tracheal intubation for neonatal respiratory distress syndrome, but can be painful because it requires laryngoscopy. The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy and tolerance of intravenous atropine plus ketamine administration before LISA . Methods We conducted a prospective observational study of all premature infants hospitalised in our French neonatal intensive care unit treated with LISA between March 2015 and March 2016. Ketamine was titrated by 0.5 mg/kg increments. The technical conditions, pain scores, emergent intubations and vital signs were collected and analysed. Results Values are reported as medians (interquartile ranges). We included 29 patients with a gestational age of 29.6 (28.6–30.9) weeks and birth weight of 1290 (945–1600) grams. Technical conditions were satisfying for 24 infants (83%). The Faceless Acute Neonatal Pain Scale score was 2 (2–4); seven infants (24%) required tracheal intubation before LISA could be performed; 17 (59%) had a pulse oxymetry value under 80% that lasted more than 60 seconds. Heart rate and mean arterial blood pressure transiently increased. Conclusion Atropine plus ketamine before LISA resulted in low pain scores and stable haemodynamic parameters, but prolonged desaturations or apnoea leading to tracheal intubation were frequently observed.
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Dates and versions

hal-04307314 , version 1 (26-11-2023)

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L Bourgoin, L Caeymaex, F Decobert, C Jung, C Danan, et al.. Administering atropine and ketamine before less invasive surfactant administration resulted in low pain scores in a prospective study of premature neonates. Acta Paediatrica, 2018, 107 (7), pp.1184-1190. ⟨10.1111/apa.14317⟩. ⟨hal-04307314⟩

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