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Journal Articles Robotics Year : 2023

Simplicial Homology Global Optimization of EEG Signal Extraction for Emotion Recognition

Ahmed Roshdy
  • Function : Author
Samer Al Kork
  • Function : Author
Taha Beyrouthy

Abstract

Emotion recognition is a vital part of human functioning. textcolorredIt enables individuals to respond suitably to environmental events and develop self-awareness. The fast-paced developments in brain–computer interfacing (BCI) technology necessitate that intelligent machines of the future be able to digitize and recognize human emotions. To achieve this, both humans and machines have relied on facial expressions, in addition to other visual cues. While facial expressions are effective in recognizing emotions, they can be artificially replicated and require constant monitoring. In recent years, the use of Electroencephalography (EEG) signals has become a popular method for emotion recognition, thanks to advances in deep learning and machine learning techniques. EEG-based systems for recognizing emotions involve measuring electrical activity in the brain of a subject who is exposed to emotional stimuli such as images, sounds, or videos. Machine learning algorithms are then used to extract features from the electrical activity data that correspond to specific emotional states. The quality of the extracted EEG signal is crucial, as it affects the overall complexity of the system and the accuracy of the machine learning algorithm. This article presents an approach to improve the accuracy of EEG-based emotion recognition systems while reducing their complexity. The approach involves optimizing the number of EEG channels, their placement on the human scalp, and the target frequency band of the measured signal to maximize the difference between high and low arousal levels. The optimization method, called the simplicial homology global optimization (SHGO), is used for this purpose. Experimental results demonstrate that a six-electrode configuration optimally placed can achieve a better level of accuracy than a 14-electrode configuration, resulting in an over 60% reduction in complexity in terms of the number of electrodes. This method demonstrates promising results in improving the efficiency and accuracy of EEG-based emotion recognition systems, which could have implications for various fields, including healthcare, psychology, and human–computer interfacing.

Dates and versions

hal-04320178 , version 1 (04-12-2023)

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Cite

Ahmed Roshdy, Samer Al Kork, Taha Beyrouthy, Amine Nait-Ali. Simplicial Homology Global Optimization of EEG Signal Extraction for Emotion Recognition. Robotics, 2023, 12 (4), pp.99. ⟨10.3390/robotics12040099⟩. ⟨hal-04320178⟩

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