Efficacy and satisfaction of surgical treatment for hidradenitis suppurativa - Université Paris-Est-Créteil-Val-de-Marne Access content directly
Journal Articles Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology Year : 2020

Efficacy and satisfaction of surgical treatment for hidradenitis suppurativa

L. Fertitta
C. Hotz
  • Function : Author
P. Wolkenstein
  • Function : Author
J.P. Méningaud
  • Function : Author
D. Sawan
  • Function : Author
E. Sbidian
  • Function : Author

Abstract

Abstract Background Surgery is a radical treatment for hidradenitis suppurativa ( HS ) and may be considered as the only one potentially curative. Objectives To characterize HS recurrence in patients after surgery and assess the risk factors of recurrence. Methods We conducted a monocentric retrospective cohort study. All consecutive patients who had surgery (January 1, 2012 to March 31, 2017) were included. We estimated the rate of recurrence of HS lesions after surgery (<1 cm from the scar), and recurrence‐associated factors were analysed by univariate then multivariate logistic regression, estimating odds ratios ( OR s) and 95% confidence intervals ( CI s). Results A total of 75 patients [median age 31.4 years (range 16–71); 36 females], corresponding to 115 interventions were included. The Hurley score at surgery was III for 70 (60%) patients. In total, 61/115 (53%) interventions involved wide excision and 50 (43%) limited local excision. The localizations were axillary folds ( n = 46; 40%), buttocks ( n = 15, 13%), genital area ( n = 13; 11%), perineal area ( n = 12; 10%) and inguinal folds ( n = 18; 16%). We observed 11 (10%) complications and 40 (35%) recurrences. On multivariate analysis, probability of recurrence was associated with only one‐stage surgical closure [ OR 3.2 (95% CI 1.4–7.3), P = 0.005]. Overall, 44 (52%) patients were completely satisfied and 22 (26%) partially satisfied, and most (81%) considered the surgery the best treatment. Conclusions Hidradenitis suppurativa recurrence in our study was 35% and associated with one‐stage surgical closures, but two‐thirds of patients were satisfied with surgical treatment and would recommend surgery.
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Dates and versions

hal-04395687 , version 1 (15-01-2024)

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L. Fertitta, C. Hotz, P. Wolkenstein, J.P. Méningaud, D. Sawan, et al.. Efficacy and satisfaction of surgical treatment for hidradenitis suppurativa. Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology, 2020, 34 (4), pp.839-845. ⟨10.1111/jdv.16135⟩. ⟨hal-04395687⟩

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