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Journal Articles Diversity Year : 2023

Effect of Cultivable Bacteria and Fungi on the Limestone Weathering Used in Historical Buildings

Clarisse Balland-Bolou-Bi
Mandana Saheb
  • Function : Author
Vanessa Alphonse
  • Function : Author
Alexandre Livet
  • Function : Author
Paloma Reboah
  • Function : Author
Aurélie Verney-Carron

Abstract

Limestone buildings in urban areas are weathered due to climatic factors, to pollution but also to biological activity. Many studies have focused on microbially-mediated precipitation of calcite but few on their influence on limestone dissolution rates. In this study, a cultivable approach for studying bacterial dissolution of limestone is proposed. The results show, for the first time, that limestone has selected a specific structure in the bacterial communities and that each bacterial class has its own metabolism inducing a different efficiency on the alteration of limestone grains. Cultivable bacterial and fungal strains in our study permit to considerably increase (by 100 to 1,000,000 times) the chemical weathering rates compared to laboratory or field experiments. Individually, the results bring information on the ability to alter limestone by dissolution. Moreover, taken together, a functional ecological adaptation of bacterial and fungal classes to the alteration of the limestone monument has been highlighted. In order to release calcium into solution, these strains slightly acidify the medium and produce low molecular mass organic acids during experiments, especially lactic and oxalic acids.

Dates and versions

hal-04470616 , version 1 (21-02-2024)

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Clarisse Balland-Bolou-Bi, Mandana Saheb, Vanessa Alphonse, Alexandre Livet, Paloma Reboah, et al.. Effect of Cultivable Bacteria and Fungi on the Limestone Weathering Used in Historical Buildings. Diversity, 2023, 15 (5), pp.587. ⟨10.3390/d15050587⟩. ⟨hal-04470616⟩
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