Exploring the linkages between urban form, mobility and emissions with OLYMPUS: A comparative analysis in two French regions - Université Paris-Est-Créteil-Val-de-Marne Access content directly
Journal Articles Science of the Total Environment Year : 2024

Exploring the linkages between urban form, mobility and emissions with OLYMPUS: A comparative analysis in two French regions

Abstract

Nowadays, urban planners and decision-makers are confronted with an increasing number of major urban spaces whose functioning is accompanied by a high density of domestic, private and professional activities, all associated with the consumption of fossil fuels and the emission of atmospheric pollutants and greenhouse gases. As centers of activity and zones of economic and demographic resources, urban centers stand out as privileged areas for the implementation of local strategies aiming at reducing air pollutant emissions, whether through spatial planning, the evolution of services or the transformation of practices. In this work, we propose a diagnosis of the links between population, urban forms, mobility and air pollutant emissions, using the OLYMPUS activity-based emission model. The model is run over two distinct French regions, Pays de la Loire and Île-de-France, characterized by contrasting urban characteristics in terms of structure, density and accessibility. The results highlight the good transposability of the OLYMPUS model over different territories. Then, the interconnections between the specificities of urban systems on one side and the travel demand, modal share, mobility patterns and total road emissions on the other side, are explored. We notably show that the densification of urban centers exerts a pull on peri-urban areas, generating car trips from the suburbs and worsening air quality in the urban cores. The results underline the importance of targeted emission reduction strategies taking into account the unique characteristics and challenges of specific urban landscapes.
No file

Dates and versions

hal-04480410 , version 1 (27-02-2024)

Identifiers

Cite

Virna Rivera Salas, Arthur Elessa Etuman, Isabelle Coll. Exploring the linkages between urban form, mobility and emissions with OLYMPUS: A comparative analysis in two French regions. Science of the Total Environment, 2024, 919, pp.170710. ⟨10.1016/j.scitotenv.2024.170710⟩. ⟨hal-04480410⟩
5 View
0 Download

Altmetric

Share

Gmail Facebook X LinkedIn More