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Journal Articles Information and Computation Year : 2023

Bandwidth of Timed Automata: 3 Classes

Abstract

Timed languages contain sequences of discrete events ("letters") separated by real-valued delays, they can be recognized by timed automata, and represent behaviors of various real-time systems. The notion of bandwidth of a timed language defined in [Jacobo Inclán et al., 2022] characterizes the amount of information per time unit, encoded in words of the language observed with some precision ε. In this paper, we identify three classes of timed automata according to the asymptotics of the bandwidth of their languages with respect to this precision ε: automata are either meager, with an O(1) bandwidth, normal, with a Θ(log(1/ε)) bandwidth, or obese, with Θ(1/ε) bandwidth. We define two structural criteria and prove that they partition timed automata into these 3 classes of bandwidth, implying that there are no intermediate asymptotic classes. The classification problem of a timed automaton is PSPACE-complete. Both criteria are formulated using morphisms from paths of the timed automaton to some finite monoids extending Puri’s orbit graphs; the proofs are based on Simon’s factorization forest theorem.
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Dates and versions

hal-04569989 , version 1 (06-05-2024)

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Cite

Eugene Asarin, Aldric Degorre, Cătălin Dima, Bernardo Jacobo Inclán. Bandwidth of Timed Automata: 3 Classes. Information and Computation, 2023, 276, pp.104552. ⟨10.4230/LIPICS.FSTTCS.2023.10⟩. ⟨hal-04569989⟩
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