Molecular Diagnosis of Invasive Aspergillosis and Detection of Azole Resistance by a Newly Commercialized PCR Kit - Université Paris-Est-Créteil-Val-de-Marne Access content directly
Journal Articles Journal of Clinical Microbiology Year : 2017

Molecular Diagnosis of Invasive Aspergillosis and Detection of Azole Resistance by a Newly Commercialized PCR Kit

Abstract

ABSTRACT Aspergillus fumigatus is the main species responsible for aspergillosis in humans. The diagnosis of aspergillosis remains difficult, and the rapid emergence of azole resistance in A. fumigatus is worrisome. The aim of this study was to validate the new MycoGENIE A. fumigatus real-time PCR kit and to evaluate its performance on clinical samples for the detection of A. fumigatus and its azole resistance. This multiplex assay detects DNA from the A. fumigatus species complex by targeting the multicopy 28S rRNA gene and specific TR 34 and L98H mutations in the single-copy-number cyp51A gene of A. fumigatus . The specificity of cyp51A mutation detection was assessed by testing DNA samples from 25 wild-type or mutated clinical A. fumigatus isolates. Clinical validation was performed on 88 respiratory samples obtained from 62 patients and on 69 serum samples obtained from 16 patients with proven or probable aspergillosis and 13 patients without aspergillosis. The limit of detection was <1 copy for the Aspergillus 28S rRNA gene and 6 copies for the cyp51A gene harboring the TR 34 and L98H alterations. No cross-reactivity was detected with various fungi and bacteria. All isolates harboring the TR 34 and L98H mutations were accurately detected by quantitative PCR (qPCR) analysis. With respiratory samples, qPCR results showed a sensitivity and specificity of 92.9% and 90.1%, respectively, while with serum samples, the sensitivity and specificity were 100% and 84.6%, respectively. Our study demonstrated that this new real-time PCR kit enables sensitive and rapid detection of A. fumigatus DNA and azole resistance due to TR 34 and L98H mutations in clinical samples.

Dates and versions

hal-03997762 , version 1 (20-02-2023)

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Cite

Eric Dannaoui, Frédéric Gabriel, Manuel Gaboyard, Lucile Audebert, Gaëlle Lagardere, et al.. Molecular Diagnosis of Invasive Aspergillosis and Detection of Azole Resistance by a Newly Commercialized PCR Kit. Journal of Clinical Microbiology, 2017, 55 (11), pp.3210-3218. ⟨10.1128/JCM.01032-17⟩. ⟨hal-03997762⟩

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