Metabolic Shift of an Isogenic Strain of Enterococcus faecalis 14, Deficient in Its Own Bacteriocin Synthesis, as Revealed by a Transcriptomic Analysis - Université Paris-Est-Créteil-Val-de-Marne Access content directly
Journal Articles International Journal of Molecular Sciences Year : 2020

Metabolic Shift of an Isogenic Strain of Enterococcus faecalis 14, Deficient in Its Own Bacteriocin Synthesis, as Revealed by a Transcriptomic Analysis

Abstract

The production of antimicrobial molecules often involves complex biological pathways. This study aimed at understanding the metabolic and physiological networks of enterocin EntDD14-associated function, in the bacteriocinogenic strain, Enterococcus faecalis 14. A global and comparative transcriptomic study was carried out on E. faecalis 14 and its isogenic mutant Δbac, inactivated in genes coding for EntDD14. The in vitro ability to form biofilm on polystyrene plates was assessed by the crystal violet method, while the cytotoxicity on human colorectal adenocarcinoma Caco-2 cells was determined by the Cell Counting Kit-8. Transcriptomic data revealed that 71 genes were differentially expressed in both strains. As expected, genes coding for EntDD14 were downregulated in the Δbac mutant, whereas the other 69 genes were upregulated. Upregulated genes were associated with phage-related chromosomal islands, biofilm formation capability, resistance to environmental stresses, and metabolic reprogramming. Interestingly, the Δbac mutant showed an improved bacterial growth, a high capacity to form biofilm on inanimate surfaces and a very weak cytotoxicity level. These multiple metabolic rearrangements delineate a new line of defense to counterbalance the loss of EntDD14.
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Dates and versions

hal-04322039 , version 1 (15-04-2024)

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Rabia Ladjouzi, Anca Lucau-Danila, Djamel Drider. Metabolic Shift of an Isogenic Strain of Enterococcus faecalis 14, Deficient in Its Own Bacteriocin Synthesis, as Revealed by a Transcriptomic Analysis. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 2020, 21 (13), pp.4653. ⟨10.3390/ijms21134653⟩. ⟨hal-04322039⟩
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