Wearable cardioverter-defibrillator in patients with a transient risk of sudden cardiac death: the WEARIT-France cohort study - Université Paris-Est-Créteil-Val-de-Marne Access content directly
Journal Articles EP-Europace Year : 2021

Wearable cardioverter-defibrillator in patients with a transient risk of sudden cardiac death: the WEARIT-France cohort study

Rodrigue Garcia
Nicolas Combes
  • Function : Author
Pascal Defaye
  • Function : Author
Kumar Narayanan
  • Function : Author
Laurence Guedon-Moreau
  • Function : Author
Serge Boveda
  • Function : Author
Hugues Blangy
  • Function : Author
Jérôme Bouet
  • Function : Author
Florent Briand
  • Function : Author
Philippe Chevalier
  • Function : Author
Yves Cottin
  • Function : Author
Antoine da Costa
  • Function : Author
Bruno Degand
  • Function : Author
Jean-Claude Deharo
  • Function : Author
Romain Eschalier
  • Function : Author
Fabrice Extramiana
  • Function : Author
Marc Goralski
  • Function : Author
Benoit Guy-Moyat
  • Function : Author
Yves Guyomar
  • Function : Author
Jean-Sylvain Hermida
  • Function : Author
François Jourda
  • Function : Author
Mohanad Mahfoud
  • Function : Author
Vladimir Manenti
  • Function : Author
Jacques Mansourati
Angéline Martin
  • Function : Author
Jean-Luc Pasquié
  • Function : Author
Philippe Ritter
  • Function : Author
Anne Rollin
  • Function : Author
Thierry Tibi
  • Function : Author
Arab Yalioua
  • Function : Author
Daniel Gras
  • Function : Author
Nicolas Sadoul
  • Function : Author
Olivier Piot
  • Function : Author
Christophe Leclercq
  • Function : Author
Eloi Marijon

Abstract

Abstract Aims We aimed to provide contemporary real-world data on wearable cardioverter-defibrillator (WCD) use, not only in terms of effectiveness and safety but also compliance and acceptability. Methods and results Across 88 French centres, the WEARIT-France study enrolled retrospectively patients who used the WCD between May 2014 and December 2016, and prospectively all patients equipped for WCD therapy between January 2017 and March 2018. All patients received systematic education session through a standardized programme across France at the time of initiation of WCD therapy and were systematically enrolled in the LifeVest Network remote services. Overall, 1157 patients were included (mean age 60 ± 12 years, 16% women; 46% prospectively): 82.1% with ischaemic cardiomyopathy, 10.3% after implantable cardioverter-defibrillator explant, and 7.6% before heart transplantation. Median WCD usage period was 62 (37–97) days. Median daily wear time of WCD was 23.4 (22.2–23.8) h. In multivariate analysis, younger age was associated with lower compliance [adjusted odds ratio (OR) 0.97, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.95–0.99, P < 0.01]. A total of 18 participants (1.6%) received at least one appropriate shock, giving an incidence of appropriate therapy of 7.2 per 100 patient-years. Patient-response button allowed the shock to be aborted in 35.7% of well-tolerated sustained ventricular arrhythmias and in 95.4% of inappropriate ventricular arrhythmia detection, finally resulting in an inappropriate therapy in eight patients (0.7%). Conclusion Our real-life findings reinforce previous studies on the efficacy and safety of the WCD in the setting of transient high-risk group in selected patients. Moreover, they emphasize the fact that when prescribed appropriately, in concert with adequate patient education and dedicated follow-up using specific remote monitoring system, compliance with WCD is high and the device well-tolerated by the patient.

Dates and versions

hal-04395390 , version 1 (15-01-2024)

Identifiers

Cite

Rodrigue Garcia, Nicolas Combes, Pascal Defaye, Kumar Narayanan, Laurence Guedon-Moreau, et al.. Wearable cardioverter-defibrillator in patients with a transient risk of sudden cardiac death: the WEARIT-France cohort study. EP-Europace, 2021, 23 (1), pp.73-81. ⟨10.1093/europace/euaa268⟩. ⟨hal-04395390⟩

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