Renal Diseases Associated with Hematologic Malignancies and Thymoma in the Absence of Renal Monoclonal Immunoglobulin Deposits - Université Paris-Est-Créteil-Val-de-Marne Access content directly
Journal Articles Diagnostics Year : 2021

Renal Diseases Associated with Hematologic Malignancies and Thymoma in the Absence of Renal Monoclonal Immunoglobulin Deposits

Abstract

In addition to kidney diseases characterized by the precipitation and deposition of overproduced monoclonal immunoglobulin and kidney damage due to chemotherapy agents, a broad spectrum of renal lesions may be found in patients with hematologic malignancies. Glomerular diseases, in the form of paraneoplastic glomerulopathies and acute kidney injury with various degrees of proteinuria due to specific lymphomatous interstitial and/or glomerular infiltration, are two major renal complications observed in the lymphoid disorder setting. However, other hematologic neoplasms, including chronic lymphocytic leukemia, thymoma, myeloproliferative disorders, Castleman disease and hemophagocytic syndrome, have also been associated with the development of kidney lesions. These renal disorders require prompt recognition by the clinician, due to the need to implement specific treatment, depending on the chemotherapy regimen, to decrease the risk of subsequent chronic kidney disease. In the context of renal disease related to hematologic malignancies, renal biopsy remains crucial for accurate pathological diagnosis, with the aim of optimizing medical care for these patients. In this review, we provide an update on the epidemiology, clinical presentation, pathophysiological processes and diagnostic strategy for kidney diseases associated with hematologic malignancies outside the spectrum of monoclonal gammopathy of renal significance.
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Dates and versions

hal-03293724 , version 1 (21-07-2021)

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Antoine Morel, Marie-Sophie Meuleman, Anissa Moktefi, Vincent Audard. Renal Diseases Associated with Hematologic Malignancies and Thymoma in the Absence of Renal Monoclonal Immunoglobulin Deposits. Diagnostics, 2021, 11 (4), pp.710. ⟨10.3390/diagnostics11040710⟩. ⟨hal-03293724⟩

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